NewsLocal NewsNoonan launches award-winning medical schoolBy Guest Writer – June 23, 2014 852 Print Twitter Ann & Steve Talk Stuff | Episode 44 | Immersive Software Engineering by Martha [email protected] up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up MINISTER for Finance, Michael Noonan TD, officially launched the award-winning Graduate Entry Medical School at the University of Limerick (UL).The building, designed by Grafton Architects, was winner of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) 2013 EU Award and a finalist in the highly prestigious RIBA Stirling Prize. Located beside the existing Health Sciences and Irish World Academy of Music and Dance, the Medical School – easily distinguishable by its limestone exterior – is a stand-out addition to UL’s Clare Campus.A 4,000 square metre facility, the building houses 12 ‘Problem-Based Learning’ teaching rooms, a 150-seat lecture theatre, two 60-seater seminar rooms, 75 IT work stations, eight clinical skills laboratories, two anatomical skills laboratories, an area dedicated to research and a cafeteria.The €15mn project was funded by the Department of Education & Skills, the Higher Education Authority and supported by the University of Limerick Foundation.Speaking from the official launch event UL President Professor Don Barry said: “We are immensely proud of the achievements of our Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS) since its inception in 2007. GEMS offers a medical degree programme which is open to graduates from any discipline and is strongly supported by access scholarships. GEMS doctors embrace modern scientific enquiry, life-long learning and, most of all, team-work with other healthcare professionals. These are the type of doctors we need, not only in Ireland, but around the world”.The medical school continues to grow with construction commenced on a Clinical Education & Research Building on the campus of University Hospital Limerick. The building, a collaboration between UL and the HSE, will enhance the delivery of UL’s medical programme and the implementation of the university’s health research strategy which aims to inform an equitable, safe, sustainable and patient-centred healthcare system. University of Limerick ceases funding for off-campus Garda COVID-patrols after sanctioning students following massive street party University of Limerick research identifies secrets of Fantasy Premier League success Limerick nurse helping the fight against COVID-19, calls for round the clock garda patrols near University of Limerick following “out of control” student parties Advertisement RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Linkedin Previous articleWoman dies in Limerick city fire.Next articleYouthBank Awards Grants in Askeaton Guest Writerhttp://www.limerickpost.ie WhatsApp TAGSDepartment of Education and SkillseducationHigher Education AuthorityProfessor Tom BarryUniversity of Limerick Decision on FIBA European Championships in Limerick to be made in May Email Gardai make arrests following chaotic student party near University of Limerick
ColumnsBreakdown Of Police – Public Relations And How Community Policing May Be A Solution Parikshit Goyal15 Jun 2020 1:28 AMShare This – xKilling of George Floyd by police officers of Minneapolis, USA has triggered massive world – wide protests. The question of racial inequality, without doubt, is the central narrative but what it has also laid bare is the callous attitude of police towards general public. A complete lack of apathy and use of brute force was in front of the whole world to witness. India is no stranger…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginKilling of George Floyd by police officers of Minneapolis, USA has triggered massive world – wide protests. The question of racial inequality, without doubt, is the central narrative but what it has also laid bare is the callous attitude of police towards general public. A complete lack of apathy and use of brute force was in front of the whole world to witness. India is no stranger to police brutalities. In the past few months, police has become much maligned due to their handling of anti-CAA protests, ensuing riots in Delhi and beating of marching migrants across India during Covid times. The distrust between public and police is growing at a time when the role of police is shifting from not just being a law enforcing agency to becoming a service provider and enabler. It is, therefore, important to look at police–public relations, the breakdown of trust and community policing as a solution. Indian police was designed by the British to serve their empire. The structure of police has remained largely unchanged even though the country became independent and most institutions have undergone massive transformation. With time, police – public relations have gained acceptance in law enforcement establishments. Theoretically, it can be understood as a process of establishing and maintaining mutual understanding and cooperation between police and public, through effective two – way communication. Practically, police cannot operate effectively without willing cooperation and support of the very public, whom it is entrusted to serve, defend and protect. Police often require citizen involvement, public participation and community relations for effective discharge of their duties, whether it is crime prevention, investigation, nabbing a dreaded criminal or controlling law and order situations during protests, bandhs, strikes etc. Growing distrust between police and public A first of its kind study on policing, conducted by Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) in 2019 revealed that the poor, marginalised, minorities and women tend to fear and feel alienated from the police. Men and upper classes reported greater contact with the police compared to women and the poor. More than half of the respondents felt that the police treated the rich better than the poor, a clear reflection of a feeling of discrimination. It was also found that there is a decrease in representation of SC/ST, OBCs and minorities in police force. In criminal cases, the poor were found to be twice more likely to be contacted for investigation by the police, as compared to the rich. Abuse of power further erodes the public’s trust in police. Fear of getting wrongfully arrested, beaten up and sexually harassed is common. These fears are based on the perception of police being discriminatory and oppressive in behaviour. This could be an underlying reason for reduced trust in police among the lower sections of society.[i] Efforts made so far Since independence, numerous committees and commissions have recognised the need to get rid of the colonial legacy and rebuild a police force equipped to meet the changing dynamics of Indian society. The Second Administrative Reforms Commission Report (2006) has noted that police – public relations are in an unsatisfactory state because people view the police as corrupt, inefficient, politically partisan and unresponsive. Second report of the National Police Commission (1980) recommended that the police should duly recognise, and be trained and equipped to perform the service – oriented role in providing relief to people in distress situations. The Supreme Court, in a landmark judgement ‘Prakash Singh & Ors vs Union of India’ (2006) issued seven – step guidelines aimed at systemic police reforms. Besides establishment of a Police Establishment Board, fixed tenure for DGPs, a State Security Commission, the Court also recommended constitution of Police Complaints Authorities (PCA) at state and district levels to inquire into allegations of serious misconduct and abuse of power by police personnel[ii] However, most of these directions remain largely ignored and eight states are yet to constitute PCAs. Community policing as a solution Community policing can be step towards improving the relations between police and public. Community policing is both a philosophy and an organisational strategy aimed at policing in active consultation, cooperation and partnership with community at large. It is based on the principle that the gap between police and citizens should be minimized to an extent that the policemen become an integrated part of the community they serve. It is aimed at a decentralised approach that involves community members and the local beat level constable. It is an essential model in order to foster harmony, trust and transparency between the police and public. Legislatively, the first effort in this direction was the Karnataka Village Defence Parties Act, 1964, which introduced the institution of ‘Dalpathi’ as the interface between the police and rural community.[iii] Many states followed with their own models of community policing. In Kerala, Janamaithri Suraksha project was introduced in 2008 to facilitate greater accessibility and closer interaction between police and local community. In Covid times, through this project, the policemen were able to reach out to large parts of community for monitoring, contact tracing, reaching out to senior citizens and creating health and hygiene awareness. The Meira Paibi (torch bearers) in Assam is a project through which the women help in improving law and order problem, especially drug abuse. They light their torches and go around their neighbourhood guarding the entry – exit points after sunset, to prevent their youth from wandering out. In Delhi, the Special Police Officers (SPOs) have acted as a bridge between the police and community since the 1980s. In some areas, Nagrik Suraksha Samitis were organised for local harmony. Resident Welfare Associations (RWAs), local traders group, thana level committees have actively participated with police for prevention of crime in their respective areas. Various other community policing models such as ‘Joint Patrolling Committees’ (Rajasthan), ‘Friends of Police’ (Tamil Nadu), ‘Community Policing Project’ (West Bengal), ‘Maithri’ (Andhra Pradesh) are also in place. Community policing assigns responsibility to individual participation. In covid times, active involvement of community can help the police in better discharge of their duties, which now clearly go beyond just crime prevention. However, caution needs to be exercised while expanding community policing efforts. It should not lead to vigilantism and mob justice. The experiment of ‘Salwa Judum’, which involved arming of local tribal youth to fight Naxals in Chhattisgarh should be kept in mind. In ‘Nalini Sundar & Ors vs State of Chhattisgarh’ (2011), the Supreme Court rightly ordered ceasing of the programme and held it to be violative of Article 14 and 21 of the Constitution.[iv] Police – public relations are a twofold process. At a time when police are at the frontline of fight with Covid, they also need the support and cooperation of public. Hundreds of policemen have contracted the virus, most of them are not equipped with PPE kits and are working odd hours. The barbarity in Punjab, where the hand of a policeman was chopped off is still fresh in mind. Going back to the backlash over killing of George Floyd, the city council of Minneapolis recently resolved to dismantle their entire police department and restructure it. While local city councils in India do not have that kind of power, there is a definite need for change in training of our police forces. From the time old law and order and crime centric approach, there has to be a shift towards service oriented, public themed approach that facilitates community policing and greater trust. Long pending police reforms need to be pushed and the police must transform from being a force into a public service. Views are personal only. [i] https://www.csds.in/status_of_policing_in_india_report_2019 [ii] https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1090328/ [iii] https://www.lawyerservices.in/Karnataka-Village-Defense-Parties-Act-1964 [iv] https://indiankanoon.org/doc/920448/ Next Story
Matt Barkley saw a lot of Carson Palmer, when the Heisman Trophy winner played for USC in the early 2000s. Growing up in nearby Newport Beach, Barkley, now a junior quarterback for the Trojans, remembers Palmer’s 2002 season — the year he won the award while throwing for 3,942 yards and 33 touchdowns.On Saturday, in front of a crowd of 63,707 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Barkley shattered the former Trojan signal caller’s single-game record for passing yards with 468 of his own. Along with four touchdown passes, Barkley’s record-setting display helped lead USC (4-1, 2-1) to a narrow 48-41 victory over Arizona just one week removed from the team’s first loss of the season at Arizona State.Kelvin Kuo | Daily Trojan“It’s crazy because I remember looking up to Carson Palmer and he’s one of my heroes,” he said. “I did want to be in his shoes.”The offensive outburst, the most points USC has scored in a game this season, was needed to stave off a Wildcats team (1-4, 0-3) that also moved the ball successfully, scoring four second-half touchdowns. Behind its own seasoned signal caller in senior Nick Foles, who completed 41-of-53 pass attempts, Arizona outscored USC 29-21 in the final two quarters.“That’s a great team with some great receivers,” USC coach Lane Kiffin said of the Wildcats.For the second week in a row, USC’s defense surrendered more than 40 points, allowing 554 yards of total offense before nearly relinquishing a late two-touchdown lead. The Trojans also allowed Arizona to convert 37 first downs, the most in school history.“They went down the field a bit too easy in the second half,” Kiffin said. “We just need a full defensive game.”Leading 48-34 with under two minutes remaining in the game, USC opted to try and convert a fourth-and-one play from its 47-yard line, but Barkley’s pass to senior wide receivers Brandon Carswell was incomplete, giving the Wildcats, who scored six plays later on a four-yard touchdown pass from Foles to freshman wide receiver Austin Hills, a shorter field.“You have the opportunity to put the game away,” Kiffin said of the decision not to punt. “That’s how our players know our head coach. We’re going to believe in our players.”But in the first half, the Trojans defense, which had forced just three interceptions all season, looked slightly different, as evidenced by its two interceptions of Foles, who had a touchdown-to-interception ratio of 10:0 prior to Saturday’s game.With 7:19 remaining in the first quarter, junior safety T.J. McDonald intercepted Foles when a pass sailed over the middle of the field. Minutes later, on the next Arizona drive after a 46-yard field goal from freshman kicker Andre Heidari gave USC a 10-0 lead, Foles was picked off by McDonald again.“To get them early changed the momentum of the game,” McDonald said. “It pumped up the team and they were able to go put points on the board.”Three plays later, Barkley connected with freshman wide receiver Marqise Lee on a 38-yard touchdown pass, ballooning USC’s lead to 17. The Trojans would go on to score again in the second half on another Barkley pass, his third of the game.“They just sat back and gave us a lot of routes,” Barkley said. “And across the board, I had protection.”Perhaps even more telling, the defense limited Arizona to just two scores despite 227 yards of total offense.“I was just happy with the turnovers,” Kiffin said. “It was good to see.”But the offense, which finished just 18 yards shy of 600 total yards, outshined whatever noteworthy plays the defense made.In addition to Barkley’s performance, sophomore wide receiver Robert Woods finished with 14 receptions for 255 yards and two touchdowns. Similarly, his high school teammate, freshman wideout Marqise Lee totaled 144 receiving yards and one touchdown following eight catches.“[Barkley’s] putting the ball on the money, on point every time,” Woods said. “He’s making it really easy on us because he puts it right where it needs to be.”Equally, Woods and Lee have made it easy on Barkley. Of his 32 completions, 22 went to Woods and Lee, who are both in just their second and first year with the program respectively.“I’ve played with him since high school, and it’s exciting to see him grow,” Woods said of Lee. “I’m real proud of him.Similarly, despite a young offensive line that looked particularly young a week ago in the Trojans’ 43-22 loss to Arizona State, Barkley was not sacked once against the Wildcats.“Our line was a huge component because of the protection,” Barkley said of the unit, which on average is allowing less than one sack per game. “I didn’t get touched once, except when I rolled out of the pocket. They were huge.”With the Trojans heading into a bye week before an Oct. 13 contest against California at AT&T Park in San Francisco, most players appear content with the win — at least for now.“In a sense, it is what it is,” freshman linebacker Dion Bailey said in the moments following the game. “We’ll take our wins.”
Bureau of Reclamation Outlines Water Year 2017 Central Valley Project Water Supply ConditionsIn preparation for the initial 2017 water supply allocation announcement, the Bureau of Reclamation provides the following update on water supply conditions for the federal Central Valley Project. The water year runs from Oct. 1 to Sept. 30; the contract year for most CVP contractors runs from March 1 to Feb. 28.The CVP’s reservoir carryover storage from WY 2016 into WY 2017, which began Oct. 1, …
Ryan Higgins made his first home run of the summer a memorable one as his fifth inning grand slam put the Humboldt Crabs in the driver’s seat, snapping a two-game losing skid and avoiding a midweek series sweep with a 13-0 win over the visiting San Leandro Ports, Wednesday night at the Arcata Ball Park.Josh Mollerus (3-2) put forth his best start at pitcher of the season on Wednesday, shutting out the Ports through seven innings. Mollerus gave up four hits and half as many walks while striking …
[Guest Article] Blame evolution for your teen’s immaturity. The Discovery Channel has published a review of an upcoming paper by Bruce Charlton, professor of biology at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. Charlton is a promoter of Evolutionary Psychology, a developing field of Psychology that attempts to explain all human characteristics in light of their evolutionary history. In this paper, Charlton focuses on the observation that in the last fifty years, people have matured later, and in fact, many have not matured completely:Specifically, it seems a growing number of people are retaining the behaviors and attitudes associated with youth. As a consequence, many older people simply never achieve mental adulthood, according to a leading expert on evolutionary psychiatry. Among scientists, the phenomenon is called psychological neoteny.Charlton attributes the current trend to our modern environment, in comparison to our “hunter/gatherer ancestors”:“…While the human mind responds to new information over the course of any individual’s lifetime, Charlton argues that past physical environments were more stable and allowed for a state of psychological maturity. In hunter-gatherer societies, that maturity was probably achieved during a person’s late teens or early twenties”, he said. Charlton explained to Discovery News that humans have an inherent attraction to physical youth, since it can be a sign of fertility, health and vitality. In themid-20th century, however, another force kicked in, due to increasing need for individuals to change jobs, learn new skills, move to new places and make new friends.Charlton attributes the failure to mature to the pressure of the educational system, which keeps people in school, at submissive positions, far beyond the time when they should have been developing their assertive personalities. The result is adults that display immature characteristics:“By contrast, many modern adults fail to attain this maturity, and such failure is common and indeed characteristic of highly educated and, on the whole, effective and socially valuable people,” he said. “People such as academics, teachers, scientists and many other professionals are often strikingly immature outside of their strictly specialist competence in the sense of being unpredictable, unbalanced in priorities, and tending to overreact.” Charlton added that since modern cultures now favor cognitive flexibility, “immature” people tend to thrive and succeed, and have set the tone not only for contemporary life, but also for the future, when it is possible our genes may even change as a result of the psychological shift. The faults of youth are retained along with the virtues, he believes. These include short attention span, sensation and novelty-seeking, short cycles of arbitrary fashion and a sense of cultural shallowness.Charlton predicts that based on evolutionary selection, this will become a dominant genetic characteristic over time:Charlton added that since modern cultures now favor cognitive flexibility, “immature” people tend to thrive and succeed, and have set the tone not only for contemporary life, but also for the future, when it is possible our genes may even change as a result of the psychological shift.The obvious next question one should ask is if this immaturity has not already become apparent in the departments of Evolutionary Psychology. Assuming that all our psychological traits evolved due to environmental pressures, Charlton feels that if our environment encourages immaturity for long enough, we will become genetically disposed to immaturity. This sounds Lamarckian. History shows, contrariwise, that societies have only been successful at fostering maturity for a limited period of time. How does he know our society is not simply paralleling the example of Rome, where maturity rose and fell with its civilization? Charlton seems to offer conflicting sources for our immaturity problem. First, he attributes it to the pressure of the educational system, and uses as an example the immaturity of “academics, teachers, scientists, and many other professionals”. If this is true (and this academic’s thinking provides anecdotal evidence for it) then we will be fine, since most people do not pursue advanced educations. Most people, however, would agree that the problem goes well beyond academia. It is a symptom of society in general. Charlton’s second explanation, that the problem began in the mid 20th century with the pressure to “change jobs, learn new skills, move to new places and make new friends,” seems to contradict his first explanation. Either way, since society has had these same pressures for thousands of years, why is there any vestige of maturity remaining now? We should have evolved into children long ago, as soon as we got past the hunter-gatherer stage. There is no reason evolution should wait until the middle of the 20th century. We are becoming immature because evolutionary thinking like this rejected the absolute authority of our Creator over us, leaving us adrift to pursue our baser instincts and desires, like spoiled children.—DKThis story illustrates how the universal acid of Darwinian thinking is more pervasive and insidious than a set of armchair speculations by academics. Charlton’s type rationalize immature behavior as evolutionary adaptations rather than moral wrongs. If immaturity leads to reproductive success, it must be OK; why fight it? But under their own assumptions, it is impossible to determine who is calling whom immature. For example, David Brooks of the New York Times is cited at the end of the Discovery Channel article lamenting the loss of wisdom and maturity of our predecessors in today’s society that blurs the “bourgeois world of capitalism and the bohemian counterculture.” Yet what is wisdom in Darwinland if not reproductive success? Brooks needs to let his hair down and get dirty with the new inhabitants of the fitness peak. Then history will have to judge the outcome of the war between the Bohemians and the Visigoths (05/09/2006).(Visited 37 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Dorthy.com, a site we’ve been hearing about since late last year, has just raised $4 million from angel investors for their “new agey” concept of a search engine for dreams. Currently in private alpha, the site makes fluffy claims about how they’re “reversing the traditional search process, continuously filtering and focusing the Universe of online content, to connect you with the best stuff around your interests and aspirations.” If you’re not clear on what exactly that means, don’t feel bad… but don’t write them off either. Instead, think of Dorthy.com as a new take on the old 43Things, the site which encourages users to list goals, share progress, and cheer each other on. Dorthy does the same but gets you there by making interesting use of Web 3.0 technologies like AI and natural language search. Semantic Search for DreamsAccording to Jim Anderson, the About.com co-founder who was hired as Dorthy’s CTO earlier this year, the site’s search engine doesn’t use keyword-based search but rather has the user enter a fully formed question, statement, or phrase like “run a marathon in 4 hours.” Not only does the search engine parse the semantics of your input using its proprietary algorithms, it also learns from you, incrementally enhancing your results upon every visit. sarah perez Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts As an example, Anderson describes how a fictional user named Jennifer might search for information about a trip to Paris. Because Jennifer had previously shared other background information like the fact that she’s an avid marathon runner, fluent in French, wants to learn to cook French food, and hates cruises, Dorthy.com will retrieve specific information related to those interests. The results would be filtered to highlight info on cooking schools, shopping, and popular running routes in Paris – things that would be interesting to Jennifer specifically.This example doesn’t even necessarily count as a “dream,” it seems – you could plan an actual trip to Paris using Dorthy’s technology, too. However, the overall point of the service is to provide you with information about a particular goal or aspiration and then connect you with others who feel the same. Using DorthyWhen performing searches on Dorthy, you’ll have the option to create your own page on a specific topic or view the topic pages others have already created. These pages feature popular articles, videos, photos, and blog entries from the web and are constantly being updated with new content. When you find content you like, even if it’s on someone else’s page, you can easily copy it over to a page of your own. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Tags:#Product Reviews#search#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… After this initial “discovery” process is complete, you can use Dorthy’s “Connect” feature to meet others also interested in your topic so you can share your progress and encourage each other, much like how the above-mentioned 43Things operates.In the future, Dorthy hopes to expand their offering to go beyond simply being a consumer-targeted Web-based service to one that could benefit the enterprise (think “I want to go to a virtualization conference in Las Vegas”), or so reported eWeek earlier this year. They also plan on moving to mobile at some point, too. At the moment, Dorthy.com is in private alpha, but you can sign up to join here.
APTN National NewsThe Missing Women’s Inquiry ended as it began. In chaos.Protesters barged into the proceedings to voice their displeasure with the commission.Commissioner Wally Oppal asked for patience, saying the report isn’t even written yet.The day ended, however, with a possible show of reconciliation.APTN National News reporter Rob Smith has this story.
Friday’s games mark the start of the quarterfinals and feature a UEFA vs. UEFA matchup in the morning followed by a CONMEBOL vs. CONMEBOL game in the afternoon. In the first match of the day, Germany has a 52.5 percent chance of defeating France and advancing to the semifinals, according to FiveThirtyEight’s World Cup predictions. In the second, however, Brazil is heavily favored to defeat Colombia (72 percent to 28 percent) and play the winner of Germany vs. France in the semifinal next week.France vs. Germany: 12 p.m. EDTBrazil vs. Colombia: 4 p.m. EDTIN BRIEFSee our World Cup predictions for the latest probabilities.IN DEPTHAll eight teams still in the tournament won their respective groups, so there are no true underdogs left. But if we go back to the beginning, Brazil and Germany both had very good chances of reaching this stage of the knockout rounds (80 percent and 68 percent) compared to Colombia and France (46 percent and 45 percent).France and Germany are old foes, having faced each other 25 times since 1930 (prior to 1990, Germany competed as West Germany). In those games France has been victorious 11 times compared to Germany’s eight. However, almost all of these games were friendlies. The last time these two teams met competitively was in the 1986 World Cup semifinals, and Germany edged France 2-0. ESPN’s Soccer Power Index rates France vs. Germany as the most evenly matched of all the quarterfinal games.Brazil vs. Colombia, on the other hand, is supposed to be anything but even. Strangely, these teams have also met 25 times, and Colombia has managed to win only twice. A Seleção have slaughtered Los Cafeteros on more than one occasion, 9-0 in 1959 and 6-2 in 1969, but this is a different Colombia team. Their last meeting with Brazil, a friendly in the U.S. in 2012, ended in a 1-1 draw.Brazil trumps Colombia in overall and offensive SPI ratings (90.6 and 3.1 to 89.4 and 2.6) but Colombia’s defense is slightly better, with an SPI rating of 0.4 average goals allowed to Brazil’s 0.5 (lower defensive scores are better). Brazil’s defense has something to worry about in James Rodriguez, this World Cup’s breakout star for Colombia, who has tallied five goals — the most of any player so far — including this beautiful chest-to-volley on the turn against Uruguay:But Brazil’s Neymar (and Argentina’s Lionel Messi and Germany’s Thomas Muller) are only one goal behind Rodriguez, so if Brazil clinches a win in this clash of the golden boys, Rodriguez may be out of the race for this year’s golden boot.OFF THE PITCHFrance and Germany are neighbors, and each has international power and its own distinct culture — berets and baguettes vs. lederhosen and bratwurst. So given the ease of travel between the countries, it’s not surprising that there’s a lot of cross-tourism. According to the French Ministry of Handicrafts, Trade and Tourism, there were about 6.3 million overnight stays in France from German tourists in 2012. Conversely, the German National Tourist Board reported that there were roughly 3.1 million, or half as many, overnight stays in Germany from French tourists in the same year. When adjusted for each country’s total population at the time, this means that about 8 percent of Germany’s 80.4 million people stayed overnight in France at least once in 2012, while about 5 percent of France’s 65.7 million people stayed overnight in Germany. They may not be the best of friends, but it looks like the old enemies have at least upgraded to a friendly rivalry — at least as far as tourism goes. — Hayley MunguiaFURTHER READINGWith the U.S. Out, Which World Cup Team Will Americans Root For?Tim Howard Lost, But He Just Had the Best Match of the World CupA Chart For Predicting Penalty-Shootout Odds in Real TimeCORRECTION (July 4, 10:57 a.m.): An earlier version of this post had the incorrect year of the last competitive meeting between France and Germany. While the two teams did face off in 1982, they also met in the 1986 World Cup semifinals.
M. FellainiBelgium+0.31-0.03+0.28-0.24 J. VertonghenBelgium2.78.2+5.5 The biggest changes in share of team productionWorld Cup players with the biggest increase from share of club team’s expected goals and assists to share of national team’s expected goals and assists, 2014-18 L. ModricCroatia+0.28+0.05+0.33+0.17 R. LewandowskiPoland+0.25+0.01+0.26-1.35 Share of team exp. goals + assists G. SigurdssonIceland+0.38-0.22+0.16+0.20 C. EriksenDenmark+0.53-0.13+0.39+0.29 PlayerCountryGOALsassistsGoals + AssistsExp. Goals + Assists L. PiszczekPoland10.017.1+7.1 E. HazardBelgium+0.30+0.68+0.98+0.45 J. MikelNigeria+0.39+0.41+0.80+0.44 J. KimmichGermany-0.02+0.33+0.31+0.24 T. SilvaBrazil+0.31-0.03+0.27+0.19 The leaderboard is peppered with players who have made a difference in Russia: Swiss mainstays Blerim Dzemaili and Xherdan Shaqiri led their team to the round of 16, while Barcelona’s Ivan Rakitic and Real Madrid’s Luka Modric have been the backbone of the Croatian attack. Another quick and crafty midfielder — this one from Colombia — has been very good for both Real Madrid and Bayern Munich over the past four seasons, but he’s been downright marvelous for Los Cafeteros: From 2014 to 2018, James Rodriguez scored nearly half a goal more per 90 minutes while wearing the yellow Colombia kit than while donning club colors. In our sample, his difference in expected goals plus assists from club to country is second to only Dzemaili, who plays for Bologna in Italy. It’s no surprise then that Colombia was eliminated by England in the round of 16 when a calf injury sidelined James.Hazard and James are built to wear their national team jerseys. But there are others — two of whom are often invoked in the GOAT conversation — who seem to perform a little worse, or at least score with less frequency, on the international stage. Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo are the two best players in the world,4They’ve each won five of the past 10 Ballon d’Or awards, given to the best soccer player in the world. but both have underwhelmed a bit while representing their countries. M. RojoArgentina+0.19+0.12+0.31+0.22 DIfference between club and national team T. MeunierBelgium16.324.9+8.6 When we think of the best soccer players in history, we rarely think about the relatively inconsequential goals they scored for their club teams in midseason matches against their middle-of-the-pack competition. Instead we think about how they played for their national teams, and especially how they performed at major international tournaments like the World Cup. We think of a 17-year-old named Pelé delivering Brazil its first title in 1958; we think of Diego Maradona ripping through England’s defenses (and famously getting a little handsy with the ball in the box) in 1986; we think of the French maestro Zinedine Zidane scoring twice on home soil to topple Ronaldo and Brazil in 1998.Some players just seem built to wear their national team’s jersey.We wanted to know if there are certain players who play well for their club but disappear when playing for their national team — and certain players who raise their production when playing for country. So we looked at the tallies of expected goals and assists per 90 minutes for every player at the World Cup and compared the difference between club stats1Big five European leagues only. and country2Including World Cup, World Cup qualifiers and each confederation’s tournament. since 2014. We also looked at each player’s share of his entire team’s expected goals plus assists.Among the remaining stars at the 2018 World Cup, the best example of one who thrives while representing his country is Belgium’s Eden Hazard — at least based on raw production. The quick and crafty man from Wallonia has a knack for playing his best soccer when the world is watching. From 2014 to 2018, Hazard scored 0.30 more goals per 90 minutes and provided 0.68 more assists per 90 minutes while wearing a Belgium jersey than while repping Chelsea blue — while his expected goals plus assists are 0.45 better for Belgium.Hazard’s exceptional international form has carried over into this World Cup: In three games played, he contributed two goals and two assists — one of which tied the match against Japan after Belgium had gone down 2-0. The diminutive Belgian danced at the left corner of the penalty area, shrugging off a pursuant Yuya Osako before delivering an inch-perfect cross with his left foot to the edge of the 6-yard box and onto Marouane Fellaini’s head. Fellaini scored, but Hazard’s brilliance was responsible.Hazard’s form and contributions are expected. Thomas Meunier’s form and contributions, on the other hand, are a bit of a surprise. The right back has been perfectly competent for Paris Saint-Germain, but he’s been an outright world beater on the international stage: Since 2014, he’s scored 0.32 more goals per 90 minutes and provided 0.73 more assists per 90 minutes while playing for Belgium than for his clubs. The biggest of his 10 international assists was the one he provided to Nacer Chadli to knock off Japan on Monday. Both Meunier and Hazard are among the top seven players at the World Cup when it comes to expected goals plus assists for country versus club. But based on actual goals and actual assists, both Belgians are in the top three.3Only Poland/Wolfsburg winger Jakub Blaszczykowski has them both beat. From 2014 to 2018, Messi notched 0.61 fewer expected goals plus assists per 90 minutes while draped in the vertical blue and white stripes of Argentina. Ronaldo has found it more difficult to score for Portugal: Over the same span, he scored an entire goal per 90 minutes fewer with Portugal than he did with Real Madrid, and he averaged 1.53 fewer expected goals plus assists. And Uruguay’s superstar striker Edinson Cavani has had it even worse: He averaged 2.04 fewer expected goals plus assists per 90 minutes with La Celeste than he with Paris Saint-Germain.The outlook gets brighter for Messi and Ronaldo (but not for Cavani) when you consider their contributions as a percentage of their national team’s expected goals plus assists versus their club team’s since 2014: Messi was responsible for 57.5 percent of Barcelona’s expected output and 63.3 percent of Argentina’s, while Ronaldo accounted for 54.6 percent of Real Madrid’s expected output and 59.4 percent of Portugal’s. They’re not in James or Rakitic territory, but they’re not in the red either. IscoSpain+0.13-0.38-0.25-0.29 B. DzemailiSwitzerland23.431.0+7.6 A. IniestaSpain13.319.1+5.8 J. MikelNigeria5.227.9+22.7 A. GriezmannFrance-0.30+0.12-0.17+0.28 Only players who played 1,000 minutes for a major European team since 2014; national team data is only major tournaments.Source: ESPN Stats & Information Group J. BlaszczykowskiPoland+0.52+0.58+1.10+0.50 S. RamosSpain9.615.9+6.3 PlayerCountryGOALsAssistsGoals + AssistsExp. Goals + Assists C. EriksenDenmark36.548.8+12.3 X. ShaqiriSwitzerland42.848.1+5.3 I. RakiticCroatia-0.02+0.30+0.28+0.39 D. MertensBelgium-0.63+0.38-0.25-0.84 J. RodriguezColombia+0.49+0.03+0.52+0.53 M. RojoArgentina7.113.9+6.8 L. MessiArgentina57.563.3+5.8 J. RodriguezColombia34.5%58.5%+24.0 KokeSpain-0.21-0.23-0.44-0.27 C. RonaldoPortugal54.659.4+4.8 Only players who played 1,000 minutes for a major European team since 2014; national team data includes only major tournaments.Source: ESPN Stats & Information Group E. CavaniUruguay-1.48-0.33-1.81-2.04 D. CarvajalSpain9.714.5+4.8 The club team heroesWorld Cup players with the biggest drop-off in expected goals plus assists per 90 minutes between national team and club team, 2014-18 NeymarBrazil45.658.4+12.8 L. MessiArgentina-0.67+0.11-0.56-0.61 PlayerCountryClubNationalDifference E. BanegaArgentina-0.21+0.06-0.15-0.37 I. GundoganGermany17.332.4+15.1 The national team heroesWorld Cup players with the biggest discrepancy in expected goals plus assists per 90 minutes between club team and national team, 2014-18 Messi and Ronaldo probably only appear to be underperforming on the international level because they’ve spent the past decade thrashing defenses in Spain’s La Liga while playing for two clubs that are lousy with all-world talent. Scoring at a pace of roughly a goal per game is difficult to sustain over the course of a single season; Messi and Ronaldo have been doing it for 10. They’re not performing terribly for their national teams, they’ve just set the bar too high for themselves.But then there’s Neymar, the other greatest player in the world. He has set his bar pretty high during his time with Barcelona and now with Paris Saint-Germain. But unlike the two legends lording over him, Neymar has been able to vault over it — he scores at roughly the same rate for Brazil as he does for his club, and he provides more assists. And Neymar has increased his share of the team’s expected goals plus assists by 12.8 percentage points from club team to national team.Argentina is done; Portugal is done; Brazil and Belgium meet tomorrow in Kazan to decide who gets a spot in the semifinals. So it will be Hazard and Neymar trying to become the next Pelé, Maradona or Zidane.Check out our latest World Cup predictions. P. PogbaFrance-0.11-0.39-0.50-0.26 C. VelaMexico-0.03+0.35+0.31+0.18 B. SilvaPortugal-0.60+0.04-0.56-0.45 A. Di MariaArgentina+0.04-0.50-0.46-0.34 B. DzemailiSwitzerland-0.05+0.20+0.15+0.72 I. RakiticCroatia15.835.2+19.4 E. ForsbergSweden+0.27-1.44-1.17-0.49 CasemiroBrazil-0.26-0.13-0.39-0.24 L. ModricCroatia12.925.4+12.5 S. RudyGermany-0.07-0.21-0.29-0.33 PaulinhoBrazil+0.33+0.18+0.50+0.32 Only players who played 1,000 minutes for a major European team since 2014; national team data includes only major tournaments.Source: ESPN Stats & Information Group J. VertonghenBelgium+0.20+0.05+0.25+0.18 Y. CarrascoBelgium-0.19-0.43-0.62-0.46 DIfference between club and national team P. CoutinhoBrazil+0.27-0.23+0.04-0.23 PaulinhoBrazil24.530.7+6.2 T. MeunierBelgium+0.32+0.73+1.04+0.50 J. KimmichGermany13.119.2+6.1 J. BlaszczykowskiPolad13.723.9+10.2 C. RonaldoPortugal-1.09-0.57-1.67-1.53 A. KolarovSerbia15.320.6+5.3 X. ShaqiriSwitzerland+0.09+0.02+0.11+0.46 J. Dos SantosMexico-0.14+0.06-0.08-0.24 I. GundoganGermany+0.13+0.00+0.13+0.51 A. GuardadoMexico+0.53-0.24+0.29+0.29 Joao MarioPortugal-0.26-0.23-0.49-0.44