We describe new Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) ice thickness constraints for three locations spanning the Weddell Sea Embayment (WSE) of Antarctica. Samples collected from the Shackleton Range, Pensacola Mountains, and the Lassiter Coast constrain the LGM thickness of the Slessor Glacier, Foundation Ice Stream, and grounded ice proximal to the modern Ronne Ice Shelf edge on the Antarctic Peninsula, respectively. Previous attempts to reconstruct LGM-to-present ice thickness changes around the WSE used measurements of long-lived cosmogenic nuclides, primarily Be-10. An absence of post-LGM apparent exposure ages at many sites led to LGM thickness reconstructions that were spatially highly variable and inconsistent with flow line modelling. Estimates for the contribution of the ice sheet occupying the WSE at the LGM to global sea level since deglaciation vary by an order of magnitude, from 1.4 to 14.1m of sea level equivalent. Here we use a short-lived cosmogenic nuclide, in situ-produced C-14, which is less susceptible to inheritance problems than Be-10 and other long-lived nuclides. We use in situ C-14 to evaluate the possibility that sites with no post-LGM exposure ages are biased by cosmogenic nuclide inheritance due to surface preservation by cold-based ice and non-deposition of LGM-aged drift. Our measurements show that the Slessor Glacier was between 310 and up to 655m thicker than present at the LGM. The Foundation Ice Stream was at least 800m thicker, and ice on the Lassiter Coast was at least 385m thicker than present at the LGM. With evidence for LGM thickening at all of our study sites, our in situ C-14 measurements indicate that the long-lived nuclide measurements of previous studies were influenced by cosmogenic nuclide inheritance. Our inferred LGM configuration, which is primarily based on minimum ice thickness constraints and thus does not constrain an upper limit, indicates a relatively modest contribution to sea level rise since the LGM of < 4.6 m, and possibly as little as < 1.5 m.
Changes of the topography of the Antarctic ice sheet (AIS) can complicate the interpretation of ice core water stable isotope measurements in terms of temperature. Here, we use a set of idealised AIS elevation change scenarios to investigate this for the warm Last Interglacial (LIG). We show that LIG δ 18 O against elevation relationships are not uniform across Antarctica, and that the LIG response to elevation is lower than the preindustrial response. The effect of LIG elevation‐induced sea ice changes on δ 18 O is small, allowing us to isolate the effect of elevation change alone. Our results help to define the effect of AIS changes on the LIG δ 18 O signals, and should be invaluable to those seeking to use AIS ice core measurements for these purposes. Especially, our simulations strengthen the conclusion that ice core measurements from the Talos Dome core exclude the loss of the Wilkes Basin at around 128 ky.
Image: The Mozambique LNG project will support the Offshore Area 1 gas project. Photo: courtesy of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation. French oil and gas company Total has completed the acquisition of 26.5% operating stake in Mozambique LNG project from Anadarko for $3.9bn (£3.2bn).The project includes the development of Golfinho and Atum fields in Offshore Area 1 and the construction of a liquefaction plant with a capacity of 12.9mtpa (million tonnes per annum).The Area 1 consists of over 60Tcf of gas resources, with 18Tcf to be developed in the first two years.The Mozambique LNG project is expected to begin production by 2024.Total chairman and CEO Patrick Pouyanné said: “Mozambique LNG is one of a kind asset that perfectly fits with our strategy and expands our position in liquefied natural gas.“As the new operator, we are fully committed to the Mozambique LNG project and we will bring the best of our human, technical, marketing and financial capacities to further strengthen its execution.“Total will of course work on the strong foundations established by the previous operator and its partners, in order to implement the project in the best interest of all those involved, including the government and the people of Mozambique.”Stakeholders of Mozambique LNG projectThe French oil major has the majority stake in the project. Other shareholders include Mitsui E&P Mozambique Area1 (20%), ENH Rovuma Área Um (15%), ONGC Videsh (10%), Beas Rovuma Energy Mozambique (10%), BPRL Ventures Mozambique (10%), and PTTEP Mozambique Area 1 (8.5%).In May, Total reached an agreement with Anadarko’s parent company Occidental to acquire assets in African countries, including Mozambique, Algeria and Ghana. The subsequent purchase and sale agreement was signed in August.The company said that closing operations for Anadarko assets in Algeria, Ghana and South Africa were ongoing.The final investment decision (FID) for the project was announced on 18 June.Prior to that, CCS, a joint venture between Saipem, McDermott International and Chiyoda, was given an EPC contract by Anadarko for the Mozambique LNG project. The Mozambique LNG project is expected to begin production by 2024
Job DescriptionWe seek a motivated individual to be part of a next generationeffort in human neuroscience organized around novel approaches inneuroimaging, neuro-modeling, and human neuroscience. We areparticularly interested in applicants with an interest inapplying their approaches or developing new ones in the area ofComputational Psychiatry. In this area, we seek applications for atenure track assistant professor. While there are no restrictionson the training trajectory of the successful applicant, it isparamount that they demonstrate through their publication history acapacity for transdisciplinary work. The successful applicant willbe expected to interact with the existing group of investigators inthe Center for Human Neuroscience Research and the ComputationalPsychiatry Unit (http://labs.vtc.vt.edu/cpu/) at the FralinBiomedical Research Institute at Virginia TechCarilion (https://research.vtc.vt.edu). The institute has threestate-of-the-art 3T MRI machines dedicated to research, astate-of-the-art optically pumped magnetometry suite, laboratoryfacilities focused on in vivo electrochemical measurement ofneurotransmitters, a large server farm dedicated to computationalneuroscience and a focus on decision-making that underlieshealth behaviors and psychopathology.Virginia Tech recognizes the critical importance of diverse teamsof scholars. It seeks to diversify its faculty along multipledimensions. Virginia Tech is a public global land-grant university,committed to research, teaching and learning, and outreach tothe Commonwealth of Virginia, the nation, and the world. Buildingon its motto of Ut Prosim (that I may serve), Virginia Tech isdedicated to InclusiveVT- https://www.inclusive.vt.edu/ serving inthe spirit of community, diversity, and excellence. We seekcandidates who adopt and practice the Principles of Community(https://www.inclusive.vt.edu/Programs/vtpoc0.html), which arefundamental to our on-going efforts to increase access andinclusion and to create a community that nurtures learning andgrowth for all of its members.Required Qualifications*Applicants must hold a doctoral degree in neuroscience or arelated discipline.*Must be able to demonstrate postdoctoral researchexperience.*Demonstrate a record of accomplishment evidenced throughpublications and extramural fundingAppointment TypeRegularAdditional InformationThe successful Candidate will be required to have a criminalconviction checkTo apply, please submit your application including curriculumvitae, detailed statement of research accomplishmentsand plans and teaching/mentoring philosophy at www.jobs.vt.edu , posting #514105. Also, have at least threereferences posttheir letters of support to the same site.About Virginia TechDedicated to its motto, Ut Prosim (That I May Serve),Virginia Tech pushes the boundaries of knowledge by taking ahands-on, transdisciplinary approach to preparing scholars to beleaders and problem-solvers. A comprehensive land-grant institutionthat enhances the quality of life in Virginia and throughout theworld, Virginia Tech is an inclusive community dedicatedto knowledge, discovery, and creativity. The university offers morethan 280 majors to a diverse enrollment of more than 36,000undergraduate, graduate, and professional students in eightundergraduatecolleges , a school ofmedicine , a veterinarymedicine college, Graduate School , and Honors College . The universityhas a significant presence across Virginia, including the Innovation Campusin Northern Virginia; the Health Sciences and Technology Campus inRoanoke; sites in Newport News and Richmond; and numerous Extension offices andresearchcenters . A leading global research institution, Virginia Techconducts more than $500 million in research annually.Virginia Tech does not discriminate against employees, students, orapplicants on the basis of age, color, disability, sex (includingpregnancy), gender, gender identity, gender expression, geneticinformation, national origin, political affiliation, race,religion, sexual orientation, or veteran status, or otherwisediscriminate against employees or applicants who inquire about,discuss, or disclose their compensation or the compensation ofother employees or applicants, or on any other basis protected bylaw.If you are an individual with a disability and desire anaccommodation, please contact Pamela Stell [email protected] during regular business hours at least 10business days prior to the event.Advertised: August 28, 2020Applications close:
Sausage and frozen food company Glendale Foods has announced plans for the Great British Pudding Company – the Northampton-based savoury and sweet puddings business it acquired in August.It plans to step up pudding production and diversify into the chip shop and foodservice sectors, and by trading in European ex-pat markets.Glendale MD Paul Burkitt told British Baker that the puddings would remain “top-end quality”, with smaller portion savoury puddings targeted at the bakery and fish and chip shop.Capitalising upon its marketing of frozen sausages to the Spanish catering trade, the company will also explore export sales opportunities for puddings, he said.
Premier Foods is to study why shoppers are binning so much bread.The Hovis manufacturer will team up with Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP) to research consumer behaviour and attitudes around buying, storage and usage habits. Findings will be used to develop a targeted approach to help reduce bread waste.Neil Macfarlane, head of insight at Premier Foods, said: “We will gain a better understanding as to why UK consu-mers waste so much ’good food’ and then apply the learnings taken from this research to inform new ways of engaging consumers to encourage a reduction in food waste.”According to a WRAP study, bakery goods accounted for 14.1% of the £10bn cost to UK households of food wastage a total of 782,000 tonnes of wasted bakery products, of which 400,000 tonnes is bread.”Reasons thought to be contributing to consumer bread waste are pack sizes being too large, the product staling or going mouldy as a result of incorrect storage and not being confident around free-zing bread,” said a spokeswoman for WRAP. It follows news that sliced bread is the second most common product binned by Scottish households, according to WRAP Scotland, which said 20% of bread bought by consumers was wasted.l In other news, Hovis has added a new Soft White Farmhouse loaf to its range, which it said is a domed, more traditional version of its Soft White variant. The packaging will feature the Soft White logo as well as a ’new’ flash on-pack. Hovis will be rolling out a £4.5m campaign to support its Soft White range including the new Farmhouse loaf.
Bath-based Mokoko coffee house and artisan bakery is to open a second outlet in Bristol in June.Mokoko aims to create an open-plan bakery with fresh bread and homemade cakes, alongside speciality coffee, in the new Bristol store, which will open in June in the newly opened Wapping Wharf area.Jake Harris, founder and managing director at Mokoko, said: “We are thrilled to be joining the new Wapping Wharf community.“When we heard about this new quarter at the very heart of the cultural and leisure hub of the city, and with a strong focus on independent food and drink, we knew it would be the perfect fit for us.”The Bristol team will include head pastry chef and baker Dale Ingram, who has more than 30 years of experience working with sourdoughs and levains. Alongside these, offerings will include lemon polenta cake and plum brownies.
Speciality ingredients supplier Cornelius has backed UK charity The Sparkle Foundation to provide children with an education, nutrition and medical support across 17 rural villages in Malawi, Africa.Known as Sparkle Malawi, the initiative aims to empower children with an improved lifestyle through small-scale sustainable projects.Cornelius has taken the first step towards supporting the organisation with an initial charitable contribution and is planning a number of fundraising activities for the charity. The company also has plans to visit Malawi to work directly on a project in the coming years.Dr Neville Prior, chairman of Cornelius, described The Sparkle Foundation as an amazing charity and its dedication to the most disadvantaged in the world as remarkable.“It’s important for Cornelius that we are committed to charitable work alongside our day-to-day business activity,” Prior said. “I am proud Cornelius will be working closely with their project Sparkle Malawi and I hope our support will give a real boost to the excellent work they do.”Sarah Brook, founder of The Sparkle Foundation, said that the company was delighted to be partnering with Cornelius on its projects in Malawi.“We are working towards creating brighter futures for vulnerable people and this partnership, among others, will help us achieve that goal,” Brook said. “We are grateful for all the support we receive, recognising that the good we do is only achievable thanks to the support of our partners.”
The act that gave the Environmental Protect Agency the power to be tougher on water pollution was passed by Congress in 1972. Since then the CWA has done a lot to clean up U.S. waterways, though experts still say there is more to do.For more information visit: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/11/clean-water-act-2012_n_1874980.html?ref=topbar
Indonesia has raised another Rp 62.62 trillion (US$4.05 billion) from government debt papers (SUN) and is in talks with several development banks to raise another $750 million to finance its widening state budget amid the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.The Finance Ministry’s director for government debt papers, Deni Ridwan, said the government had issued three series of bonds through private placements with commercial and shariah banks on Monday.“Banks are the buyers in the private placements as they look to meet Bank Indonesia’s new requirement of higher reserves in government bonds,” Deni told The Jakarta Post by text message on Tuesday. “COVID-19 emergency funds worth around $200 million to $250 million from the Islamic Development Bank are in the negotiation process,” the finance minister said in a statement on Tuesday.The World Bank and the AIIB were also committed to providing $250 million in funds each for Indonesia’s COVID-19 response, according to the minister. The Asian Development Bank (ADB), meanwhile, has approved $1.5 billion in loans to support Indonesia’s efforts to strengthen public health and the economy.Previously, the country has raised $4.3 billion in dollar-denominated bonds, including the longest-dated 50-year US dollar bond ever issued by an Asian nation, earlier this month. It also sold around Rp 14 trillion of sharia sovereign bonds last week.The central bank has bought Rp 1.72 trillion in a regular auction on Tuesday last week. It has also bought Rp 2.93 trillion on Wednesday in a “greenshoe option”, BI’s head of monetary operations Nanang Hendarsah said according to Reuters.Regulation in Lieu of Law No. 1/2020 issued in March allows the central bank to purchase government bonds directly at auction. Previously, the central bank was only allowed to buy government bonds in the secondary market.Read also: Indonesia to issue Rp 450 trillion in ‘pandemic bonds’ to finance COVID-19 fightFitch Solutions expects Indonesia’s government debt to average 45.3 percent of GDP between 2020 and 2023 compared to 33.1 percent of GDP in the past five years, as the government rolled out tax incentives, including permanent corporate income tax cuts.“As a result, the public debt load is likely to increase significantly during this period, even with offsetting tax policies,” Fitch noted. “It is likely that the ownership structure of government securities will change to some extent with foreign investors’ lowering their holdings considerably and BI seen to expand its balance sheet.”Fitch, however, expressed confidence that, once the worst was over, “Sri Mulyani will ramp up efforts to bring government spending back in line and broaden the revenue base.”Topics : Bank Indonesia (BI) requires that bank buy government bonds after cutting banks’ reserve requirement ratio by 200 basis points (bps) for commercial banks and 50 bps for sharia banks, providing the financial system with Rp 102 trillion in liquidity in a move that is expected to help the government fund the COVID-19 battle, Governor Perry Warjiyo said recently.The government has increased this year’s budget financing by raising Rp 1 quadrillion in loans, a 286 percent jump from the original target of Rp 351.9 billion. It will issue nearly Rp 450 trillion worth of “pandemic bonds” and revise up its bond sales target by Rp 160.2 trillion to Rp 549.6 trillion this year to address the widening budget deficit, which could reach 5.07 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).Read also: Explainer: Indonesia to finance coronavirus battle mostly through debtThe government is also in talks to earn $750 million worth of loans from several development banks, namely the Islamic Development Bank, the World Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati said.